Disability and Children’s Rights

Disability and Children’s Rights Information Sheets (pdf version)

Prendergast, S. (2018). Disability Rights Information sheets in child friendly language. Prepared for Shaking the Movers/ Inclusive Early Childhood Service System project Youth Advisory Event, October, 13 and 14, 2018. IECSS: Toronto, ON. Accessed online: http://inclusiveearlychildhood.ca/

WHO

Approximately 15% of the world’s population has at least one type of disability, with 150 million children under the age of five being diagnosed with one (1).

Well…What About Canada?

Approximately 5% of Canadian children between the ages of 5-14 years old, and roughly 4% of Canadian youth between the ages of 15-24 years old have a disability (2).

CHALLENGES AND DISCRIMINATION

Persons with disabilities face reoccurring challenges and discrimination on a daily basis.

INCOME

In some parts of the world, persons with disabilities cannot make a living. Roughly 426 million people with disabilities live below the poverty line, and are typically among the most vulnerable and marginalized in third world countries (3).

GENDER

Your gender can influence how you are treated. On top of being treated differently for having a disability, females are at heightened risk of violence, abuse, along with less opportunities in life including participation, play, education, and health care (4).

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women was adopted by UN in 1979 and ratified in Canada in 1981.

HUMAN RIGHTS

Persons with disabilities often face denial of human rights, exclusion, and discrimination (5). This leads to a lack

of respect for their dignity and individuality, along with the denial to a right to life itself (6). How will you help fight for change?

Notes on this page:

1 Gerison Lansdown, Using the Human Rights Framework to Promote the Rights of Children with Disabilities: An analysis of the synergies between CRC, CRPD and CEDAW, (New York, UNICEF, 2012), 4.
2 Rubab G Arim et al, What Statistics Canada Survey Data Sources Are Available to Study Neurodevelopmental Conditions and Disabilities in Children and Youth? (Calgary, University of Calgary, 2016), 5.
3-6 Lansdown, Human Rights Framework, 4.

Prendergast, S. (2018). Disability Rights Information sheets in child friendly language. Prepared for Shaking the Movers/ Inclusive Early Childhood Service System project Youth Advisory Event, October, 13 and 14, 2018. IECSS: Toronto, ON. Accessed online: http://inclusiveearlychildhood.ca/disability-and-childrens-rights/