Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC): Articles 2 and 23


Article 1 of the CRC states that this Convention applies to anyone under the age of 18 (1). That means this applies to you!

Article 2 of the CRC enforces that no child should encounter discrimination on the basis of “race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status” (2).

Article 23 of the CRC enforces that children with disabilities have a right to a “full and decent life in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child’s active participation on the community” (3).

How do we know these rights are being implemented?
Ratified countries have the obligation to uphold these laws (4). A Committee ensures that participating States submit a progress report every five years (5). Then, the Committee reviews the country’s progress and makes recommendations on what they can improve on (6). Appeals can be made to the Committee over concerns of abuses of right (7), giving children with disabilities the power to fight for their rights.

Notes on this page

1 Gerison Lansdown, Using the Human Rights Framework to Promote the Rights of Children with Disabilities: An analysis of the synergies between CRC, CRPD and CEDAW, (New York, UNICEF, 2012), 19.
2-6 Ibid., 6.
7 Ibid., 5-6.

Prendergast, S. (2018). Disability Rights Information sheets in child friendly language. Prepared for Shaking the Movers/ Inclusive Early Childhood Service System project Youth Advisory Event, October, 13 and 14, 2018. IECSS: Toronto, ON. Accessed online: